Deterministic SIR model, observations of prevalence

model_str <- readLines(url("https://sbfnk.github.io/rbi/SIR_deter_prev.bi"))
cat(paste(model_str, "\n"))
## model SIR_deterministic { 
##    const N = 1000; // population size 
##    const d_infection = 14; // duration of infection: 2 weeks 
##     
##    state S, I, R;  // susceptible, infectious, recovered 
##   
##    obs Prevalence;  // observations 
##   
##    param R0; // basic reproduction number 
##   
##    sub parameter { 
##      R0 ~ uniform(1, 3) 
##    } 
##   
##    sub initial { 
##      S <- N - 1 
##      I <- 1 
##      R <- 0 
##    } 
##   
##    sub transition { // daily time step 
##      inline i_beta = R0 / d_infection 
##      inline i_gamma = 1 / d_infection 
##      ode { 
##        dS/dt = - i_beta * S * I / N 
##        dI/dt = i_beta * S * I / N - i_gamma * I 
##        dR/dt = i_gamma * I 
##      } 
##    } 
##   
##    sub observation { 
##      Prevalence ~ poisson(I) 
##    } 
##  }
SIRmodel <- bi_model(lines = model_str)

Deterministic SIR model, observations of incidence

model_str <- readLines(url("https://sbfnk.github.io/rbi/SIR_deter.bi"))
cat(paste(model_str, "\n"))
## model SIR_deterministic { 
##    const N = 1000; // population size 
##    const d_infection = 14; // duration of infection: 2 weeks 
##     
##    state S, I, R, Z;  // susceptible, infectious, recovered 
##   
##    obs Incidence;  // observations 
##   
##    param rep; //reporting rate 
##    param R0; // basic reproduction number 
##   
##    sub parameter { 
##      rep ~ uniform(0,1) 
##      R0 ~ uniform(1, 3) 
##    } 
##   
##    sub initial { 
##      S <- N - 1 
##      I <- 1 
##      R <- 0 
##    } 
##   
##    sub transition { // daily time step 
##      inline i_lambda = R0 / d_infection * I / N 
##      inline i_gamma = 1 / d_infection 
##   
##      Z <- (t_now % 7 == 0 ? 0 : Z) // reset incidence 
##   
##      ode { 
##        dS/dt = - i_lambda * S 
##        dI/dt = i_lambda * S - i_gamma * I 
##        dR/dt = i_gamma * I 
##        dZ/dt = i_lambda * S 
##      } 
##    } 
##   
##    sub observation { 
##      Incidence ~ poisson(rep * Z) 
##    } 
##  }
SIRmodel <- bi_model(lines = model_str)

Stochastic SIR model (SDE), observations of incidence

model_str <- readLines(url("https://sbfnk.github.io/rbi/SIR_stoch_SDE.bi"))
cat(paste(model_str, "\n"))
## model SIR_stoch_SDE { 
##    const h = 7; // incidence time step: 1 week 
##    const N = 1000; // population size 
##    const d_infection = 14; // duration of infection: 2 weeks 
##     
##    noise n_transmission;  // noise term 
##    noise n_recovery;  // noise term 
##   
##    state S, I, R, Z;  // susceptible, infectious, recovered 
##   
##    obs Incidence;  // observations 
##   
##    param rep; //reporting rate 
##    param R0; // basic reproduction number 
##   
##    sub parameter { 
##      rep ~ uniform(0,1) 
##      R0 ~ uniform(1,3) 
##    } 
##   
##    sub initial { 
##      S <- N - 1 
##      I <- 1 
##      R <- 0 
##      Z <- 1 
##    } 
##   
##    sub transition { 
##   
##      inline i_gamma = 1 / d_infection 
##      inline i_lambda = R0 / d_infection * I / N 
##   
##      n_transmission ~ wiener() // noise terms 
##      n_recovery ~ wiener() // noise terms 
##   
##      Z <- (t_now % 7 == 0 ? 0 : Z) // reset incidence 
##   
##      ode (alg='RK4(3)', h=1e-1, atoler=1e-2, rtoler=1e-5) { 
##        dS/dt = - i_lambda * S - sqrt(i_lambda) * n_transmission 
##        dI/dt = i_lambda * S - i_gamma * I + sqrt(i_lambda) * n_transmission - sqrt(i_gamma) * n_recovery 
##        dR/dt = i_gamma * I + sqrt(i_gamma) * n_recovery 
##        dZ/dt = i_lambda * S + sqrt(i_lambda) * n_transmission 
##      } 
##    } 
##   
##    sub observation { 
##      Incidence ~ poisson(rep * Z) 
##    } 
##  }
SIRmodel <- bi_model(lines = model_str)

Stochastic SIR model (jump), observations of incidence

model_str <- readLines(url("https://sbfnk.github.io/rbi/SIR_stoch_jump.bi"))
cat(paste(model_str, "\n"))
## model SIR_stoch_jump { 
##    const time_step = 1; // time step 
##    const h = 7; // incidence time step: 1 week 
##    const N = 1000; // population size 
##    const d_infection = 14; // duration of infection: 2 weeks 
##     
##    noise n_transmission;  // random transmission 
##    noise n_recovery;  // random recovery 
##   
##    state S, I, R, Z;  // susceptible, infectious, recovered 
##   
##    obs Incidence;  // observations 
##   
##    param rep; //reporting rate 
##    param R0; // basic reproduction number 
##   
##    sub parameter { 
##      rep ~ uniform(0,1) 
##      R0 ~ uniform(1,3) 
##    } 
##   
##    sub initial { 
##      S <- N - 1 
##      I <- 1 
##      R <- 0 
##      Z <- 1 
##    } 
##   
##    sub transition (delta = time_step) { 
##      inline i_gamma = 1 / d_infection 
##      inline i_lambda = R0 / d_infection * I / N 
##   
##      Z <- (t_now % h == 0 ? 0 : Z) // reset incidence every h time steps 
##   
##      n_transmission ~ binomial(S, 1 - exp(-i_lambda * time_step)) 
##      n_recovery ~ binomial(I, 1-exp(-i_gamma * time_step)) 
##   
##      S <- S - n_transmission 
##      I <- I + n_transmission - n_recovery 
##      R <- R + n_recovery 
##      Z <- Z + n_transmission 
##    } 
##   
##    sub observation { 
##      Incidence ~ poisson(rep * Z) 
##    } 
##  }
SIRmodel <- bi_model(lines = model_str)

Example observation data frame

obs <- data.frame(value = c(1,6,2,26,99,57,78,57,15,9,4,1,1,1,0,2,0)
                  time = c(0,7,14,21,28,35,42,49,56,63,70,77,84,91,98,105,112))